Investigation of the NMDA Antagonist Ketamine as a Treatment for Tinnitus
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03336398
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : November 8, 2017
Last Update Posted : October 18, 2018
New York State Psychiatric Institute
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Diana Martinez, New York State Psychiatric Institute
PLEASE NOTE: This study recruits patients who are being seen at the ENT service of Columbia University Medical Center.
Tinnitus, or ringing in the ears, is a very common problem that often accompanies hearing loss. It affects up to 1 in 10 adults, and about 30% of people who experience chronic tinnitus find it very distressing. In these patients, symptoms of depression and anxiety often accompany tinnitus and there are no approved treatments. Clinical trials are ongoing to test a glutamate NMDA receptor antagonist (called esketamine), which is injected into the inner ear. However, the preliminary results with this medication show that it only works for tinnitus that results from acute injury. It does not treat tinnitus resulting from progressive hearing loss.
Research in humans and animals suggest that the neurotransmitters glutamate and GABA are important in the development and maintenance of tinnitus. This data shows that over-activation of the NMDA receptor and a decrease in GABA signaling in the brain play a crucial role. Previous studies show that ketamine, which an antagonist at the NMDA receptor, increases GABA levels in the brain in participants with depression. Thus, in this experiment, this study will test the effect of ketamine on tinnitus, since it blocks the NMDA glutamate receptor and increase GABA levels.
Two groups of participants will be included in this study: those who experience distress (symptoms of anxiety or depression) with tinnitus and those who have tinnitus but do not experience distress. Each participant will receive both ketamine and placebo on different days. Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (MRS) scans will be
Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Drug: Ketamine Hydrochloride in saline